PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a condition where the patient is subjected to serious psychological or physical trauma or both. It is often manifested from persistent symptoms of insomnia, anger, hypervigilance, recurring nightmares and flashbacks, and avoidance of stimuli that is perceived to be a precursor to the traumatic experience.
If not treated immediately, PTSD can hamper one’s social and occupational functioning, which could lead to divorce, conflicts, or job loss. It has to be treated properly to help the patient build his coping skills, allowing him to deal with the memories of the traumatic experience the better way.
PTSD therapy is available through a medical professional. The most commonly used among patients who suffer from persistent symptoms for longer than a month are Cognitive Therapy, Exposure Therapy, and EMDR.
Cognitive therapy is also known as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. It aims straight to the common triggers that cause extreme reaction of anger or fear among the patient. After identification of the triggers, the coping skill of the patient is built to help him show off more appropriate emotional responses and thought patterns.
This particular PTSD therapy involves behavioral modification, which aims to recondition the existing behaviors.
Exposure Therapy is very similar to Cognitive Therapy. In this case, however, the patient is talked through the bad experience. The process of talking it out with the patient may be done on a one-on-one setting or group setting or both.
The idea behind this PTSD therapy is that numerous exposure of the patient to the memories that are associated to the traumatic event will help encourage him to deal the feelings of being overwhelmed.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
EMDR or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is the newest form of treatment for PTSD. The goal here is again, reframing and reprocessing the thought patterns and behavioral responses of a patient. Its major difference from the first two Post Traumatic Syndrome therapies is that distractions are introduced while the patient is in the process of recalling the traumatic event. That is, to diffuse the fragmented memories and make the brain fit to embrace a more organized interpretation of the experience.
Identifying the best treatment for your case or for your loved one’s case is achieved through numerous consultations with a doctor. Correct diagnosis on how mild or severe the condition may be will help a professional determine which among the available therapies will work best. Before you sign up for any PTSD therapy, make sure that you have talked it through with a doctor first and foremost.