Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a serious psychological disorder that could affect one’s life for years if not treated immediately. There are several ways to treat this disorder and often it does not comprise of a singular route that both doctor and patient can take.
Instead, PTSD treatment is almost always a combination of two types of treatments: therapy and medication.
PTSD Medication may include two or three types of medications or it could be just a single type of medicine, depending on the patient’s condition and the doctor’s assessment of the condition.
Since these medicines may have serious adverse effects on people who are not actually suffering from PTSD, these are prescribed by doctors and may only be obtained through a legitimate doctor’s prescription.
There are several types of medication for PTSD, targeting specific conditions associated with the disorder. These can range from antidepressants to anticonvulsants, noradrenergic agents and atypical antipsychotics.
Again, the combination of these medicines largely depends on the level of the disorder as analyzed by the professional doctor adept in PTSD.
To give you an overview of these medications, check out the list below:
1. Antidepressants address the neurotransmitter serotonin which in turn affects one’s mood, level of anxiety, depressed state and quality of sleep. These include:
• Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors like Citalopram, Escitalopram, Fluvoxamine and Sertraline.
• Tricyclic Antidepressants like Doxepin, Clomiprimine, Doxepin and Maprotiline.
• Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors like Isocarboxid, Phenelzine and Tranylcypromine.
2. Anticonvulsants are mood stabilizers that may be prescribed to augment other medications for a more positive total effect of the medicines. These include:
• GABA enhancers like Tiagabine and Gabapentin. GABA is also known as Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid which helps an individual to relax and sleep.
3. Noradrenergic Agents for PTSD are Alpha Blockers prescribed to patients who are experiencing nightmares associated with the disorder. This includes what is generically known as Prazosin.
4. Atypical Antipsychotics are medications that help augment other medications prescribed for PTSD. These help with the overall effect of the medicines to get a more positive result.
These include medications that help with the concentration of the neurotransmitter serotonin. These medications include the following: Aripiprazole, Ziprasidone, Risperidone and Quetiepine.
Therapy and Medication
To get a PTSD patient on the road to recovery, a combination of therapy and medications is advised. It is important to note here that some patients may feel the need to forego therapy or medication or both because there is no full acceptance yet on the part of the patient that there is something wrong with him or her.
When this happens, the support of loved ones is very important. Encouragement and understanding may help the patient accept professional help.