Psychological trauma is serious. It can be severe and could easily be life-changing. It can result to Post Traumatic Syndrome, which is also known in the medical world as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD.
What is Post Traumatic Syndrome?
PTSD is an anxiety disorder, which happens after someone is exposed to serious events that causes severe psychological trauma. Such event may be about threats to one’s life or to someone else’s life. It may also be about threats to physical, psychological or sexual integrity. Oftentimes, PTSD is caused by a combination of physical and psychological trauma. Experts say that it takes a very serious event to cause this anxiety disorder. That is why it is less frequent than the common acute stress disorder, which is not as persistent and does not last longer than 30 days.
Post Traumatic Syndrome occurs when an individual’s ability to cope is put to a test. It often occurs after someone gets to experience a terrorism act, a sexual assault, a car accident, etc. It causes significant disruptions to one’s social and occupational functioning, prohibiting people to live normally.
Post Traumatic Syndrome can be classified according to the persistence of symptoms. It can be acute, chronic, or delayed on-set.
What are the Symptoms?
As mentioned earlier, PTSD is so serious that it can hamper one’s normal functioning. It is characterized by recurring flashbacks, nightmares, and an extreme response to a precursor to a similar event that caused the trauma. Insomnia, hypervigilance, and anger are also associated with Post Traumatic Syndrome.
Naturally, individuals with PTSD show off guilt feelings or anxiety about surviving while others did not and what exactly they had to do to survive. For diagnosis’ sake, the symptoms had to be present for more than a month before the disorder is suspected. If the patient is able to cope within a shorter period of time, which means that the symptoms start to go away briefly, then it can only be acute stress response.
What are the Treatments?
There are many different treatments for Post Traumatic Syndrome. To know which is applicable to your case or to a loved one’s case, you must consult a professional. Your doctor needs to investigate how severe the trauma is and how much needs to be done to be able to erase it completely.
Cognitive therapy, Exposure Therapy, and EMDR are three of the most common types of treatment for PTSD. They are focused in reprocessing the fragmented thoughts of a patient about the traumatic experience, by building the coping skills.